The Secretary of the Army is the DoD agency responsible for carrying out the requirements enumerated in §734(a), (b), and (e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190) to provide for the Gulf War Oil Well Fire Smoke Registry. The Registry is a special record of members of the armed forces exposed to the fumes of burning oil in the Operation Desert Storm theater of operations during the Persian Gulf conflict. The Surgeon General of the Army was assigned authority on August 25, 2016, to act on behalf of the Secretary for all responsibilities, functions, and authorities related to the Persian Gulf War Exposure Registry. In support of the Secretary’s responsibility , JSRRC was tasked by the Deputy Secretary of Defense with constructing a roster of troops assigned in areas affected by the Kuwaiti oil well fires and a file of daily unit locations through the date the last unit withdrew from the Persian Gulf. JSRRC developed two databases that underpin the DoD Gulf War Oil Well Fire Smoke Registry. They are the Personnel database and the Unit Movement database.

The Personnel database contained the names of over 750,000 US military personnel who served in the Persian Gulf between August 1990 and December 1991. The Unit Movement database identified and tracks the daily movements of individual units of the US Armed Forces serving in the Desert Storm theater of operations from deployment into theater (after August 8, 1990, Kuwait Invasion) through the date of each unit's withdrawal from the Persian Gulf region. At this time the database contains over 867,000 rows of daily location data.